Izindaba Zemboni

Shaja imoto yakho ye-EV ( ‰ home ekhaya - Sicacisa imibuzo ebalulekile

2021-01-22

Shaja i-EV yakhoimoto kagesiekhaya - Sicacisa imibuzo ebalulekile

 

Ngabe uhlela ukuthenga imoto kagesi noma i-plug-in hybrid, noma okungenani uyayicabanga? Kepha awukazi kahle ukuthi uyikhokhisa kanjani imoto kagesi ekhaya?

Siletha ukukhanya ebumnyameni bezifinyezo nemigomo yezobuchwepheshe, ama-plugs nezintambo ezahlukahlukene kanye nazo zonke izindleko ezingeziwe ezivela kulesi sihloko.

Siphinde siqede izinganekwane ukuzeukushaja imoto kagesi ekhayaisebenza kalula njengokuxubha amazinyo.

 

Ukushaja imoto kagesi ekhaya - udinga ini?

Ukugcwalisa kabusha imoto kagesi noma i-plug-in hybrid, udinga indawo yokupaka enokuxhuma kwamandla & Ishaja ye-EV

Okungcono endaweni eseduze, ngqo ekhaya endaweni yakho.

 

 

Uma izikhathi ezinde zokushaja zamahora amaningana zingeyona inkinga, imoto ingakhokhiswa kusetshenziswa ikhebula lokushaja elinophiko oluhlanganisiwe lokulawula esokeni elijwayelekile lama-volt angu-230. Ithuluzi lokulawula elaziwa njenge-anibhokisi lokulawula ikhebula, eqhamuka kuleli gamaibhokisi lokulawula ikhebula, nomaICCBngamafuphi.

Le ndlela ingukuhluka okulula kakhulu, kepha ngaphandle kwezikhathi ezinde zokushaja ibuye ibe nokunye okubi: Ingozi eyengeziwe yomlilo wekhebula, njengoba amandla kagesi asendlini esetshenziswa kakhulu yilomthwalo wesikhathi eside. Ngenxa yokusebenza kahle kwayo, lolu hlobo lwenqubo yokushaja luvame ukubizwa ngokuthi "ukushaja okuphuthumayo".

Indlela esheshayo ukuxhuma ekuxhumaneni kwamandla okuvame ukutholakala emakhaya amaningi (isigaba samanje esishintshashintshayo sesithathu, esaziwa nangokuthi esindayo samanje). Ngamandla okushaja ama-volts angama-400, isikhathi sokushaja sincishiswe kakhulu. Intambo yokushaja ene-ICCB nayo iyadingeka kulokhu.

 

Ibhokisi lodonga elihlukile

Enye indlela elula kakhulu yokushaja imoto yibhokisi lodonga, elisebenza futhi ngama-volts angama-400 okushintshana ngezigaba ezintathu zamanje, kepha njengenzuzo isilawuli sokushaja sesivele sihlanganisiwe ebhokisini lodonga. Ngakho-ke kungasetshenziswa ikhebula lokushaja lemoto kagesi ngaphandle kwe-ICCB.

Ibhokisi lodonga igama lesiteshi sokushaja ngokusho kwe-IEC 62196 (indinganiso yamazwe omhlaba yezinhlobo zezixhumi) ebisungulelwe izimoto zikagesi ngokukhethekile. Ibhokisi lodonga lixhunywe kunethiwekhi yamandla kagesi angama-400-volt njengoba kuchaziwe. Kuya ngokuthi izintambo zikuvumela ini ngama-amps ayi-16 noma angama-32.

Njengoba lokhu kuxhunywa kwamandla sekuvele kutholakala emakhaya amaningi, njengoba kusetshenziselwa izitofu zasekhishini, phakathi kokunye, lokhu kuyisidingo esiyisisekelo sokufaka ibhokisi lodonga. Imisinga ephakeme inika amandla amandla amasha okushaja ama-kilowatts ayi-11 kuye kwangama-22 ukuthi atholakale, okusinciphisa kakhulu isikhathi sokushaja.

Kodwa-ke, isikhathi sokushaja sincike ebangeni lebhethri lebhethri elihambelanayo uqobo. Lapho umthamo webhethri uba mkhulu, isikhathi sokushaja sigcina isikhathi eside.

Ukufakwa kufanele ngaso sonke isikhathi kwenziwe nguchwepheshe ochaza ngasikhathi sinye ukuthi ngabe konke ukuxhumana nezintambo kungamelana nalomthwalo oqhubekayo, ngoba ungakhokhiswa nge-current of up to 32 amps. Ngaphandle kwalokho kunengozi yokushisa ikhebula esimweni esibi kakhulu.

Imoto ixhunywe ebhokisini lodonga ngekhebula lokushaja ngohlobo lwe-2 plug, olubizwa nangokuthi i-Ipulaki yamaMennekes. Isixhumi sohlobo 1 siyinsakavukela kubakhiqizi bezimoto base-Asia njengeKIA noma iNissan.

 

Ukubuka konke kwezinhlobo zezixhumi ezahlukahlukene

Ngezansi sifuna ukunikeza ukubuka konke okufushane ngezinhlobo ezahlukile zokuxhuma. Ukuxhumeka okuqondene nemoto kagesi ngokuya nge-IEC 62196 yohlobo 1 noma uhlobo olujwayelekile 2 kuhlala kutholakala emotweni uqobo. Kukhona-ke izinketho ezahlukahlukene ekuxhumaneni kwendlu ezidinga uhlobo lwentambo oluhambisanayo.

·Ipulaki ejwayelekile (ngokwe-CEE 7/4) yaziwa nangokuthi ipulagi yasendlini ngoba iyindinganiso emindenini yaseJalimane. Amandla okushaja azungeze i-2.3 kW kuma-volts angu-230 nama-amps ayi-10. Ikhebula lokuxhuma ne-ICCB liyadingeka.

·I-plug ye-CEE eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka (i-IEC 60309 standard) nayo ibizwa ngokuthi "ipulagi lokukhempa" ngoba ubunjalo bayo obuqinile kusho ukuthi ijwayele ukusetshenziswa ekhempini. Amandla amakhulu okushaja ngu-3.7 kW kuma-volts angama-230 nama-amps ayi-16. Intambo ene-ICCB nayo iyadingeka kulokhu.

·Ifana ne-CEE plug plug, i-CEE plug plug (ngokuya nge-IEC 60309 standard) nayo isetshenziselwa umthwalo oqhubekayo. Lokhu kuxhumana kuvame ukubizwa nge-ipulaki enezigaba ezintathunomaipulaki enezigaba ezintathu. It is designed fnoma400 volts and 16 noma32 amps, so a charging power of up to 22 kilowatts is possible. Again, it only works with ICCB.

· The type 2 charging plug (standard IEC 62196) is also known as the Mennekes plug. Most wall boxes and public charging stations are equipped with this connection. The type 2 plug was specially developed fnomacharging electric cars, as they exchange information between the car and the charging station in addition to electricity . In the 400 volt and 32 amp version, they have a charging capacity of 22 kilowatts. An ICCB is not necessary as the charging control is integrated in the wall box.

· Asian electric vehicles prefer to use the type 1 charging plug , which is designed fnomaa single-phase three-wire network. This means that it can guarantee a maximum charging power of 7.4 kW with a single-phase charger. Fnomathe European market, this cable has a type 2 plug on one side and a type 1 plug on the other. The same applies here with regard to the charge control. 

 

 

Isikhathi senqubo yokushaja

The duration of a charging process is influenced by two factors: the battery capacity and the charging technology . In addition, the condition of the battery does not play a minnomarole. This in turn is also dependent on external influences such as temperature.

Amandla wokushaja ancike ku-voltage nokusetshenziswa kwamanje. Ekuxhumekeni kwasendlini (230 V) ngama-amps ayi-10, amandla okushaja ngu-2.3 kW. Inqubo yokushaja ithatha isikhathi esifanayo. Amandla we-22 kW angasetshenziswa ebhokisini lodonga (i-400 V) ngama-amps angama-32, anciphisa isikhathi sokushaja ngokufanele.

Uma kucatshangelwa umthamo webhethri wamahora angama-kilowatt angama-20, isikhathi sokushaja siphakathi kwamahora ayisithupha kuya kwayisishiyagalombili esokeni elijwayelekile lasekhaya (ama-volts angama-230 nama-ampere ayi-10). Ngebhokisi lodonga, isikhathi sokushaja sincishisiwe saba ingqikithi yehora elilodwa.

 

 

Ukushaja: INissan Leaf "enkulu" idinga amahora ayi-13 kusokhethi engu-220 volt. Ebhokisini lodonga i-5 enhle.

Lokhu kudinga ishaja enezigaba ezintathu emotweni. Uma imoto ineshaja yesigaba esisodwa kuphela, inqubo yokushaja inqunyelwe kuma-kilowatts angu-7.4 noma ebhokisini lodonga lwama-kilowatt angama-22. EJalimane, okukhiphayo kukhawulelwe kuma-kilowatts angu-4.6 nje ngesigaba ngasinye ukuvimbela imithwalo engalingani kugesi. Uma kusetshenziswa ama-kilowatts angu-4.6, ibhethri lizodinga cishe amahora amane kuya kwamahlanu ukushaja.

 

Izindleko ngokushaja ngakunye kwemoto kagesi ekhaya

Njengoba abanye abahlinzeki bakagesi benikela ngogesi oshibhile wesikhathi sasebusuku, umuntu akufanele abaleke ukuqhathanisa futhi, uma kunesidingo, akhokhise imoto kagesi okungcono ubusuku bonke. Esimweni esinjalo, kuyadingeka ukufaka imitha kagesi ehlukile endaweni yokushaja yemoto kagesi. Ngamanye amabhokisi odonga, lokhu sekutholwe ngentengo yokuthenga.

 

Imitha kagesi ehlukile ingadingeka lapho usebenzisa ugesi wasebusuku.

 

The costs fnomaa wall box are between 500 and 1,900 USD , depending on the manufacturer and equipment . Attention : Some manufacturers of electric vehicles subsidize the purchase of a corresponding wall box when buying an electric car nomaeven trade it as a free on-top . You should inquire about this at the respective manufacturer nomadealer if you are interested in a specific model.

 

 

The topic of electric vehicle will be with us in the future. In addition to the wall box, other alternatives such as an inductive charging loop in the flonomaunder the parking space should soon be added. We can be curious to see how the technology will develop further with regard to the topic of "charging electric cars at home".